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Kotlas is the third largest town of Arkhangelsk Oblast in terms of population after Arkhangelsk and Severodvinsk and an important transport hub. Kotlassky District remained in Arkhangelsk Oblast ever since. During the s, Kotlas became a place to which kulaks were deported and made to work in the forestry industry.
It was managed by the Kotlaslag division of Gulag. Later, it hosted all possible categories of people repressed during the Stalin era. A significant population of Poles existed in the area, with whole Polish villages resettled here in s and s.
Labor camps existed within the territory of the city until Besides logging and the paper industry, inmates worked at plant, housing, bridge, and railroad construction. Most of camps were unguarded barrack settlements. In addition, Kotlas was a major transit point for deportees transferred further to the north and east, since it was a railroad terminus.
There is a Kotlas branch of the Sovest Conscience organization, which seeks to preserve the memory of those times and seek compensation for victims. The further development of Kotlas was due to the construction of the Pechora Railway. Already from Kotlas was connected by a railway line with Vyatka currently Kolmas - Rhyi* - Anti which was heavily used for the cargo transport of goods to and from the Northern Dvina River.
Inthe construction of the railroad connecting Konosha on the railway stretch between Moscow and Arkhangelsk to Vorkuta started. The railroad was needed Kolmas - Rhyi* - Anti transport coal, timber, and later oil from the Komi Republic. The headquarters of this railroad were opened in Kotlas. In the same year, Kotlas became a separate administrative unit. In Decemberthe road was completed, and fromthe regular service started.
Kotlas thus became an important transport hub. The headquarters of the Pechora Galos De Barcelos - Conjunto António Mafra - Galos De Barcelos were located in Kotlas untilwhen the railway was merged into the Northern Railway. Within the framework of administrative divisionsKotlas serves as the administrative center of Kotlassky Districteven though it is not a part of it.
Within the framework of municipal divisions, Kotlas also serves as the administrative center of Cheryomushskoye Rural Settlement, even though it is not a part of it.
Kotlas is a center of timber industry and an important river port and a railroad Kolmas - Rhyi* - Anti situated on the railroad connecting central Russia with the Komi Republic. The Northern Dvina and the Vychegda Rivers are navigable; there is regular passenger navigation on the Vychegda. There Kolmas - Rhyi* - Anti regular passenger bus traffic originating in Kotlas. Kotlas is an important railway hub, where the railway to Kirov branches off south-east from the main Est-Ce Que Tu Est Seule Ce Soir - Various - 10 QuOn Aime, connecting Konosha and Vorkuta.
Kotlas is served by the Kotlas Airport and is home to the Savatiya air base. The Church of St. Stephan of Perm was built inand the adjacent bell-tower was built in Both are protected at the local level as architectural monuments, as is Narodny Dom, a wooden house built at the beginning of 20th century. Salyut is Suicider Marathon - Metropolis (41) - Expo Slaughter System local bandy club.
Kotlas is twinned with:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Kotlas disambiguation. Town in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. Town . Coat of arms. Location of Kotlas. Administrative status. Municipal status. See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia. State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation.
Retrieved November 14, Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, June 3, Retrieved January 19, Russian Post. Retrieved May 26, Retrieved August 9, Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 2, Retrieved August 25, Archived from the original on June 30, Retrieved April 2, Russian Bandy Federation.
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