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A Vietnam veteran is someone who actually served "in country" in the armed forces of South Vietnamthe United States armed forcesand countries allied to them during the Vietnam War.
Those who served in the military during the Vietnam War but did not actually serve in Vietnam are referred to as "Vietnam-era veterans".
In the English-speaking I Can Only Give You Everything - The Vietnam Veterans* - On The Right Track Nowthe term "Vietnam veteran" is not usually used in relation to members of the communist People's Army of Vietnam or the Viet Cong also known as the National Liberation Front.
Although exact numbers are difficult to ascertain, it is safe to say that several million people served in the South Vietnamese armed forces, the vast majority of them in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam ARVNbetween and It is known that in tothere were about 22, ARVN combat deaths per year and the army reached a peak strength of about 1, soldiers in The official number of anticommunist Vietnamese personnel killed in action wasFollowing the communist victory on April 30,South Vietnamese veterans were rounded up and sent to reeducation campsessentially forced labor camps in desolate areas.
They were detained without trial for up to decades at a time. After being released, they and their children faced significant discrimination from the communist government.
A significant proportion of the surviving South Vietnamese veterans left Vietnam for Western countries, either as boat people or through the Humanitarian Operation HO. Inthe US Census Bureau reported I Want Home Again - Bee Gees - World pop songs were 8. More than 58, U. The Department of Veterans Affairs recognizes veterans that served in the country, then known as the Republic of Vietnam, from February 28, to May 7,as being eligible for such programs as the department's Readjustment Counseling Services program, also Salsa Com Sal - Terra Samba - É Só Alegria as the Vet Centers.
The Vietnam War was the last American war with conscription. American servicemen who served between January 9, - May 7, are presumed to have been exposed to herbicidessuch as Agent Orange. The U. Soldiers embarking on Virginia - Ryan Edwards - Toasted reconnaissance missions or ambushes, according to standard military instruction, were supposed to be given 20 milligrams of dextroamphetamine for 48 hours of combat readiness.
But this instruction for heavy drugs was rarely followed: the drug was issued, according to veterans, "like candies," with little or no attention paid to the dose and frequency of administering the drug.
In the periodthe U. S military provided million tablets of stimulants, mostly dextroamphetamine, according to a report by the Select Committee on Crime of the U. House of Representatives. Every sight and sound was heightened. You were wired into it all and at times you felt really invulnerable.
Also, those serving in special units departing for a tough, long mission were injected with steroids. However, pumping the soldiers with speed and heavy anti-psychotics like Thorazine Chlorpromazine came with a price that veterans paid later. By alleviating the symptoms, the antipsychotics and narcotics offered temporary relief. However, these serious drugs administered in the absence of professional psychiatric supervision and proper psychotherapy merely suppressed the problems and symptoms, but veterans years later often experienced those problems untreated and amplified.
This is a large part of the reason why very few servicemen, compared to previous wars, required medical evacuation due to combat-stress breakdowns, but PTSD levels among veterans after the war is at unprecedented levels compared to previous wars.
Nationals of other nations fought in the American-led anti-communist coalition, usually as armed forces of allied nations, such as Australia, New Zealand, Thailand, and South Korea, but sometimes as members of the US armed forces. Australian Army training teams followed the withdrawal of combat forces in According to official statistics, personnel died or went missing in action during the Vietnam War  and were wounded.
During the Vietnam era, more than Angry Blues - James Taylor - Gorilla, Canadians served in the US armed forces; Canadians died in Vietnam and seven are listed as missing in action. Fred Graffen, military historian with the Canadian War Museumestimated in Vietnam Magazine Perspectives that approximately 12, of these personnel served in Vietnam.
Most of these were natives of Canada who lived in the United States. The military of Canada did not officially participate Driving Sideways - John Mayalls Bluesbreakers* - Crusade the war effort, as it was appointed to the UN truce commissions and thus had to remain officially neutral in the conflict.
In MayNew Zealand replaced the engineers I Can Only Give You Everything - The Vietnam Veterans* - On The Right Track Now a 4 gun artillery battery men which served until In the first of two rifle companies of infantry, designated Victor Company, arrived shortly thereafter followed by Whiskey company. Over New Zealand soldiers saw action in these companies, over 5 years and 9 tours. This team was additional but separate from the civilian medical team that had arrived in and which left in At the height of New Zealand involvement inthe force was men.
New Zealand and Australian combat forces were withdrawn in New Zealand's total contribution numbered nearly 4, personnel from until As ofno memorial has been erected to remember these casualties.
Like the US and Australia, the New Zealand veterans were rejected by the people and the government after returning and did not receive a welcome home parade until The Tribute Presentimento - Gino Di Procida - Gino Di Procida included a formal Crown Apology.
At the peak of their commitment, inthe ROK maintained a force of approximately 48, Save The Moment - Fancy - Только Лучшее in the country. All troops were withdrawn in About 5, South Koreans were killed and 10, wounded during the war. The Kingdom of Thailand sent I Can Only Give You Everything - The Vietnam Veterans* - On The Right Track Now 40, volunteer soldiers to South Vietnam Republic of Vietnam during the Vietnam War  and peaked at 11, by The Royal Thai Navy also contributed personnel.
The last of I Can Only Give You Everything - The Vietnam Veterans* - On The Right Track Now Thai troops left Vietnam in Aprilwith being killed and wounded. The non-combat force included an engineer construction battalion, medical and rural community development teams, a security battalion, and a logistics and headquarters element. The teams strength peaked at Even though the role of PHILCAG-V was humanitarian, 9 personnel were killed and 64 wounded  throughout their month stay through sniper attacks, land mines and booby traps.
The team left Vietnam in Whilst their presence was never acknowledged by the USSR, or any of her successor nations, Soviet involvement was an open secret. The Soviet Union's policy on the units deployed was to label them "military consultants". This policy is continued by the later government of the Russian Federationostensibly to avoid involvement in unfavorable treaties. This deployment resulted in North Vietnam air-power projection, which inflicted heavy losses on American bomber and fighter fleets.
It was also the result of this war, that Vietnam, and the remainder of the Communist Bloc came into possession of American stinger missiles. The logistical support provided by China allowed for continuous operations by the North Vietnamese forces, regardless of American-led attempts to stop the flow of resources down the " Ho Chi Minh trail " to South Vietnam Republic of Vietnam.
American forces were unable to retaliate against Chinese targets, as it was believed that by doing so, America would invite retaliation by Soviet forces in another theater. There are persistent stereotypes about Vietnam veterans as psychologically devastated, bitter, homeless, drug-addicted people, who had a hard time readjusting to society, primarily because of the uniquely divisive nature of the Vietnam War in the context of US history.
That social division has expressed itself by the lack both of public and institutional support for the former servicemen that would be expected by returning combatants of most conflicts in most nations. I Can Only Give You Everything - The Vietnam Veterans* - On The Right Track Now a material sense also, veterans' benefits for Vietnam era veterans were dramatically less than those enjoyed after World War II.
InPublic Law established the first Vet Centers,  after a decade of effort by combat vets and others who realized that Vietnam veterans in America and elsewhere including Australia were facing specific kinds of readjustment problems, later identified as post-traumatic stress PTS. In the early days, most Vet Center staffers were Vietnam veterans themselves, many of them combat veterans.
Some representatives of organizations, like the Disabled American Enjoy Trees! Part 3 - The Magic Carpathians* - Enjoy Trees!, started advocating for the combat veterans to receive benefits for their war related psychological trauma. Some US Department of Veterans Affairs hospital personnel also encouraged the veterans working at the Vet Centers to research and expand treatment options for veterans who were suffering the particular symptoms of the newly recognized syndrome.
It was a controversial time, but eventually, the Department of Veterans Affairs opened Vet Centers nationwide. They helped develop many of the debriefing techniques that are now used for traumatized populations from all walks of life. The veterans who started working in the early Vet Centers eventually began to reach out and serve World War II and Korean vets as well, many of whom had suppressed their own traumas Baby Wants To Ride - The Sexual Objects - Cucumber had self-medicated for years.
Veterans, particularly in Southern Californiawere responsible for many of those early lobbying and subsequent Vet Center treatment programs. They founded one of the first local organizations by and for Vietnam veterans innow known as Veterans Village. Vets were also largely responsible for taking debriefing and treatment strategies into the larger community where they were adapted for use in conjunction with populations impacted by violent crime, abuse, and manmade and natural disasters and those in law enforcement Digital - Joy Division - The Sound Of Music emergency response.
There are still, however, many proven cases of individuals who have suffered psychological damage from their time in Vietnam. Many others were physically wounded, some permanently disabled.
To find closure, thousands of former American soldiers have visited and some have made a decision to move permanently to Vietnam to confront the psychological and physical remnants of the Vietnam War. They participate in the removal of unexploded mines and bombs, help people affected by Agent Orangeteach English to the Vietnamese and conduct Vietnam War battlefield tours for tourists.
The Vietnam veteran has been depicted in fiction and film of variable quality. A major theme is the difficulties of soldiers readjusting from combat to civilian life. However, films featuring Vietnam veterans constitute a much larger genre. Bleaker in tone are such films as Hi, Mom!
In many films, like Gordon's War and Rolling Thunderthe veteran uses his combat skills developed in Vietnam to wage war on evil-doers in America. Apparently this film inspired John W. Hinckley to make a similar attempt against President Ronald Reagan. Such films as Welcome Home, Johnny Bristol and The Ninth Configuration were innovative in depicting veterans suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder, before this syndrome became widely known.
A more recent example is Bruce Dern 's portrayal of a down-and-out veteran in the film Monster In television, the first Vietnam veteran to be a regular character in a U. Case, played by Glenn Corbett, was introduced inlong before the major U.
The show depicted his effort to make peace with himself and others. In the s and '90s, service in Vietnam was part of the backstory of many TV characters, particularly in police or detective roles.
To a degree, writing in a Vietnam background provided a logical chronology, but also served to give these characters more depth, and explain their skills, e.
MacGyver having served in a bomb disposal unit. China Beachwhich aired in The Snows Of Mauna Kea - John Rowles - The Snows Of Mauna Kea late s, was the only television program that featured women who were in Vietnam as military personnel or civilian volunteers.
Thomas Magnum of Magnum, P. They were part of an early s tendency to rehabilitate the image of the Vietnam vet in the public eye. The documentary In the Shadow of the Blade released reunited Vietnam veterans and families of war dead with a restored UH-1 "Huey" helicopter in a cross-country journey to tell the stories of Americans affected by the war.
Castle learned all of his combat techniques from his time as a Marine as well as from his three tours of combat during Vietnam.
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