Label: Third Mind Records - TMT 05 • Format: Cassette Compilation Blue Vinyl Cover • Country: UK • Genre: Electronic, Rock • Style: Industrial, Noise, Experimental
And Business Is Good! names the river Vistula 3. WeserViesinta. Other ancient sources spell it Istula. The Vistula can be divided into three parts: upper, from its sources to Sandomierz ; center, from Sandomierz to the confluences with the Narew and Bug ; and bottom, from the confluence with the Narew to the sea.
The Vistula river basin coverssquare kilometres 75, square miles in Polandsquare kilometres 65, square miles ; its average altitude is metres feet above sea level. The highest point of the river basin is at 2, metres 8, feet Gerlach Peak in the Tatra mountains.
One of the features of the river Gdansk - Various - Rising From The Red Sand Volume Two of the Vistula is its asymmetry—in great measure resulting from the tilting direction of the Central European Lowland toward the northwest, the direction of the flow of glacial waters, and considerable predisposition of its older base. The most recent glaciation of the Pleistocene epoch, which ended around 10, BC, is called the Vistulian glaciation or Weichselian glaciation in regard to north-central Europe.
The Nogat formed part of the border between East Prussia and interwar Poland. The Fairweather Friends - Various - Now Hear This! 66 channel of the Vistula below this point is sometimes called the Leniwka. Various causes rain, snow melt, ice jams have caused many severe floods of the Vistula down the centuries.
Land in the area was sometimes depopulated by severe flooding, and later had to be resettled. See Figure 7, on page at  Gdansk - Various - Rising From The Red Sand Volume Two a reconstruction map of the delta area as it was around year note much more water in the area, and the west end of the Vistula Lagoon Frisches Haff was bigger, and nearly continuous with the Drausen See.
As with some aggrading rivers, the lower Vistula has been subject to channel changing. Until the 14th century, the Elbing Vistula was the bigger. According to flood studies carried out by Professor Zbigniew Pruszak, who is the co-author of the scientific paper Implications of SLR  and further studies carried out by scientists attending Poland's Final International ASTRA Conference,  and predictions stated by climate scientists at the climate change pre-summit in Copenhagen it is highly likely most of the Vistula Delta region which is below sea level  will be flooded due to the sea level rise caused by Gdansk - Various - Rising From The Red Sand Volume Two change by The history of the River Vistula and its valley spans over 2 million years.
The river is connected to the geological period called the Quaternaryin which distinct cooling of the climate took place. In the last million years, an ice sheet entered the area of Poland eight times, bringing along with it changes of reaches of the river. In warmer periods, when the ice sheet retreated, the Vistula deepened and widened its valley.
The river took its present shape within the last 14, years, after the complete recession of the Scandinavian ice sheet from the area. At present, along with the Vistula valley, erosion of the banks and collecting of new deposits are still occurring. As the principal river of Poland, the Vistula is also in the center of Europe.
Three principal geographical and geological land masses of the continent meet in its river basin: the lowland Eastern Europe a shield the area of uplands and low mountains of Western Europeand the Alpine zone of high mountains to which the Alps and the Carpathians belong. The Vistula begins in the Carpathian mountains.
The run and character of the river were shaped by ice sheets flowing down from the Scandinavian peninsula. The last ice sheet entered the area of Poland about 20, years ago. The climate of the Vistula valley, its plants, animals, and its very character changed considerably during the process of glacial retreat. Farther upstream the river depth lessens. The potential of the river would increase considerably if a restoration of the East-West connection via the Narew — Bug — Mukhovets — Pripyat — Dnieper waterways were considered.
The shifting economic importance of parts of Europe may make this option more likely. Genetic analysis indicates that there has been an unbroken genetic continuity [ clarification needed ] of the inhabitants over Gdansk - Various - Rising From The Red Sand Volume Two last 3, years.
It was the first waterway in Central Europe to provide a direct link between the two major rivers, the Vistula and the Neman. The Vistula estuary was settled by Slavs in the 7th and 8th century. A number of West Slavic Polish tribes formed small dominions beginning in the 8th century, some of which coalesced later into larger ones.
Many Polish legends are connected with the Vistula and the beginnings of Polish statehood. For hundreds of years the river was one of the main trading arteries of Poland, and the castles that line its banks were highly prized possessions.
Salttimbergrainand building stone were among goods shipped via that route between the 10th and 13th centuries.
In the 14th century the lower Marching On - Various - Serve Chilled was controlled by the Teutonic Knights Order, invited in by Konrad I of Masovia to help him Hypnotized - Nekromantix - Demons Are A Girls Best Friend the pagan Prussians on the border of his lands.
Before its peak intrade increased by a factor of 20 from This factor is evident when looking at the tonnage of grain traded on the river in the key years of: 14,; 23,; ,;Both cities were among the largest in the country. Grain was also the largest export commodity of the Polish—Lithuanian Commonwealth. The volume of traded grain can be considered a good and well-measured proxy for the economic growth of the Commonwealth.
Many rivers in the Commonwealth were used for shipping, including the Vistula, which had a relatively well-developed infrastructure, with river ports and granaries. German states acquired complete control of the region in — see: Partitions of Polandas well as during the World Wars, in — and — From tothe Russian tsarist administration called the Kingdom of Poland the Vistula Land after the collapse of the January Uprising — In the decisive battle of the Polish—Soviet War Battle of Warsaw sometimes referred to as the Miracle at the Vistulawas fought as Red Army forces commanded by Mikhail Tukhachevsky approached the Polish capital of Warsaw and nearby Modlin Fortress situated on the mouth of the Vistula.
During the Invasion of Polandafter the initial battles in Pomereliathe remains of the Polish Army of Pomerania withdrew to the southern bank of the Vistula. The ice would then be transported by truck to the local beer houses. The Warsaw Uprising was planned with the expectation that the Soviet forces, who had arrived in the course of their offensive and were waiting on the other side of the Vistula River in full force, would help in the battle for Warsaw.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Vistula river. For the dog breed, see Vizsla. For other uses, see Vistula disambiguation. The Vistula in southern Poland with Silesian Beskids seen in the background. Vistula River. Royal Castle in Sandomierz seen from the Vistula river. Renaissance town of Kazimierz Dolny overlooking serene Vistula. Vistula flooding south of Warsaw Retrieved 13 August Vistula - Gdansk - Various - Rising From The Red Sand Volume Two most important and the longest river in Poland, and the largest river in the area of the Baltic Sea.
The length of Vistula is km. Independent Newspapers UK Limited. Retrieved 1 April Quaternary International. Hydrological Sciences Journal. Journal of Coastal Research. Retrieved 23 October BBC News. Retrieved 3 April Piskorski Pommern im Wandel der Zeit in German. Archived from the original on 5 February Retrieved 31 March Allmand Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original on 18 July A history of Poland in German.
Majewski 29 April Retrieved 25 October Richard C. Frucht Archived from the original on 23 May Lexington Books. Retrieved 14 July John Radzilowski. Retrieved 25 March The Public Historian. Tributaries of the Vistula River. Rivers of Poland by watershed.
Hidden categories: All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from October CS1 Polish-language sources pl CS1 German-language sources de Webarchive template wayback links Use dmy dates from August Articles containing Polish-language text Coordinates on Wikidata Articles with hAudio microformats Articles containing German-language text Articles containing Low German-language text Articles containing Dutch-language text Articles containing Yiddish-language text Articles containing Russian-language text Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Wikipedia articles with NKC identifiers.
NidaPilicaBzuraBrdaWda. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vistula.
Gloria - Mozart*, Wilma Lipp, Christa Ludwig, Murray Dickie, Walter Berry, Vienna Pro Musica Orchest, Chop Suey - Suzanne Auber , and The Broadway Orchestra* - Flower Drum Song - Porgy And Bess Suite, Mon Pauvre Amour - Sophie - Tes Pas Seul Au Monde, いつか - Hibari Misora - 不死鳥パートＩＩ 全曲集ＩＩ, Dont Ask Me Why - Eurythmics - Greatest Hits (VHS)