Label: Orange Mountain Music - OMM-0010 • Format: CD Album • Country: US • Genre: Electronic, Stage & Screen • Style: Soundtrack, Modern Classical
McNamara is a American documentary film about the life and times of former U. Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara illustrating his observations of the nature of modern warfare. The film was directed by Errol Morris and features an original score by Philip Glass. The title derives from the military concept of the " fog of war " depicting the difficulty of making decisions in the midst of conflict. Using archival footageUnited States Cabinet conversation recordings, and an interview of the then eighty-five-year-old Robert McNamara, The Fog of War depicts his life, from his birth during the First World War remembering the time American troops returned from Europe, to his service as an air force officer in World War II, to joining Ford Motor Company as one of the Whiz Kidsrising to become the company's president, before serving as Secretary of Defense for presidents Kennedy and Johnson including his involvement in Success - Philip Glass - The Fog Of War Cuban Missile Crisis and the Vietnam War.
In a appearance at U. That was extended multiple times and Morris decided to make a feature film. He posits, discourses upon, and propounds the lessons in Success - Philip Glass - The Fog Of War interview that is The Fog of War. Moreover, at the U. When asked to apply the eleven lessons from In Retrospect to the U.
He suggested other people could apply the eleven lessons to the war in Iraq, but that he would not, noting that the lessons are about war in general, not a specific war. The film focuses primarily on the interviews of former Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamarawho was interviewed for about 20 hours by the director of the documentary, Errol Morris, through a special device called the " Interrotron " which projects images of interviewer and interviewee on two-way mirrors in front of their respective cameras so each appears to be talking directly to the other.
Use of this device is intended to convey actual interaction with each other and direct eye contact with the viewer. In the interviews, McNamara talks about aspects of international security and how and by what means it can be influenced by circumstances. The documentary explores recent events in American history and also focuses on McNamara's life and how he rose from a humble American family to be a politician who achieved enormous power and influence. McNamara worked with presidents John F.
Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson and with general Curtis LeMayand had direct access to many governmental documents. His opinions, personal experiences and lessons learned while serving as a Secretary of Defense can provide the audience with an enlightening philosophy and outlook on American politics.
McNamara is regarded as the "architect" of the Vietnam War; a war that cost an enormous number of lives against a foe whose resolve he seriously underestimated [ citation needed ]. McNamara's interview, along with archival footage, offers a close look at international security and the international relations of the US, and an insight into why certain conflicts occur and the lessons that can be learned from these conflicts.
Reviews for the film were very positive. Morris is uncanny in his ability to bring life to the abstract, and here he uses graphics, charts, moving titles and visual effects in counterpoint to what McNamara is saying. Over the course of the documentary, Morris distills McNamara's philosophy of war into eleven basic tenets: .
McNamara repeats this sentence several times throughout the documentary. Kennedy discovered LeMay's obsession with nuclear weapons when focusing on the Laotian problem in McNamara Intro - 8Ball & MJG* - Space Age 4 Eva to them as the "hard message" and the "soft message. McNamara stated the first message sounded like it came from a "drunk man or one under a lot of stress.
The second and "hard message" stated that if "you [United States] attack [Cuba] we're prepared to confront you with masses of military power. Thompson knew Khrushchev personally and believed that Khrushchev wanted only to be able to tell Cuba he stopped an invasion from the US. Kennedy eventually changed his mind to agree with Thompson.
McNamara emphasized it was luck that prevented nuclear war. Rational individuals like Acts II -III - Various - Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme, Khrushchev, and Castro came close to creating national destruction.
McNamara states that the possibility of nuclear destruction still exists today. This lesson was used to describe McNamara's private life. McNamara states that "there's something beyond one's self and a responsibility to society. Then the war came. McNamara was then promoted to the youngest assistant professor at Harvard. McNamara was brought back from the Eighth air force and assigned to the first B58th Bomb Wing flying planes.
It was thought the Bs could destroy targets much more efficiently and effectively. McNamara was in charge of analyzing bombing operations and how to make them more efficient.
McNamara talks about the proportions of cities destroyed in Japan by the US. McNamara compares destroyed cities of Japan to cities in the US before the dropping of the nuclear bomb. Then, McNamara compares the proportionality of the war on Japan to being immoral. McNamara worked at Ford in an executive position and conducted studies on buyer demographics to accident reports to make cars safer. McNamara was later promoted to president of Ford and was the first person outside the family to hold that position.
He quit only five weeks later because of a position offered to him by Kennedy. Kennedy had offered McNamara a position as the Secretary of Treasury which he declined and later accepted the position as the Secretary of Defense. McNamara's affirmation of Morris's relation of lesson 7 to the Gulf of Tonkin incident :,"We see what we want to believe. McNamara believed even though the United States is the strongest nation in the world, it should never use that power unilaterally : "if we can't persuade nations with comparable values of the merit of our cause, we better reexamine our Success - Philip Glass - The Fog Of War.
McNamara believed the responsibility for the Vietnam War is on the Success - Philip Glass - The Fog Of War and says that if Kennedy had lived, the situation would have been better.
McNamara talks about the "fog of war" by comparing it to the human mind and how it cannot be fully understood.
These topics were selected by McNamara to supplement the documentary; they are in the DVD's special features. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from The Fog of War Film. This article is about the documentary film.
For the military phrase, see Fog of war. Theatrical release poster. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 7, NY Times. Retrieved December 11, New York, NY.
Retrieved December 11, Sense of Cinema. Chicago Sun-Times. Morris, Mr Mystery - Skeletons - Smile (Vinyl, Album, LP). Sony Pictures Classics Firm. The Cuban missile crisis revisited. New York: Success - Philip Glass - The Fog Of War . Martin's Press. Random House Digital, Inc. Errol Morris. The Dark Wind Philip Glass. Piano Concerto No. Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.
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